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Combined with later economic development, this relatively non-combative history has allowed First Nations peoples to have an influence on Canadian national culture, while preserving their own identities.Others say that the term came into common usage in the 1970s to avoid using the word "Indian," which some Canadians considered offensive. Some Aboriginal peoples in Canada have also adopted the term "First Nation" to replace the word "band" in the formal name of their community.Some of their oral traditions accurately describe historical events, such as the Cascadia earthquake of 1700 and the 18th century Tseax Cone eruption.Written records began with the arrival of European explorers and colonists during the Age of Discovery, beginning in the late 15th century.

In the plains were the Blackfoot, Kainai, Sarcee and Northern Peigan.

Adept at cultivating Three Sisters (maize/beans/squash), the Iroquois became powerful because of their confederacy.

Gradually the Algonquians adopted agricultural practises enabling larger populations to be sustained.

The Assiniboine were close allies and trading partners of the Cree, engaging in wars against the Gros Ventres alongside them, and later fighting the Blackfeet.

A Plains people, they went no further north than the North Saskatchewan River and purchased a great deal of European trade goods through Cree middlemen from the Hudson's Bay Company.

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